Therapy options for hypertension

Numerous elements influence your doctor’s judgement on the best course of therapy for you. These factors include the kind of symptoms of high blood pressure you have and the causes that have been identified.

Alternatives to essential hypertension treatment

If your doctor diagnoses you with primary hypertension, lifestyle changes may help you control your blood pressure. If lifestyle changes alone are insufficient, or if they prove ineffective, your doctor may prescribe medication to alleviate your symptoms.

Alternatives to secondary hypertension treatment

If your doctor believes that another condition is a factor in your hypertension, medication will be designed to treat that additional ailment. Consider the following hypothetical situation: If a medication you’ve started causes an increase in blood pressure, your doctor will try different medications that do not produce this side effect.

In certain circumstances, hypertension persists after treatment for the underlying reason. Consequently, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes in addition to prescription medications to help decrease your blood pressure.


Many persons through a period of trial and error regarding blood pressure medications. It is conceivable that your doctor may need to try various medicines before determining which one or combination of medications works best for you.

The following are some of the medications that are used to treat high blood pressure:

  • Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers are drugs that slow and weaken the heartbeat. Consequently, the amount of blood pumped through your arteries with each pulse decreases, resulting in lower blood pressure. Additionally, it inhibits some hormones in your body that may cause your blood pressure to rise.
  • Diuretics: Excess sodium and fluid in your body might cause your blood pressure to rise. Diuretics, more often referred to as water pills, aid the kidneys in excreting excess salt from the body. Additionally, when the salt leaves your body, excess fluid in your circulation is eliminated in your urine, contributing to your blood pressure overall.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors): Angiotensin is a chemical that constricts and contracts blood vessels and artery walls. Anti-angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors hinder the body from producing as much of this chemical as it usually would. This results in the relaxation of blood vessels and a decrease in blood pressure.
  • Alpha-2 agonists: This family of drugs works by inhibiting the nerve impulses that constrict blood arteries. It is used to treat coronary artery disease and hypertension. This results in the relaxation of blood vessels, which results in a drop in blood pressure.

There are home remedies for high blood pressure

Modifications to your healthy lifestyle may help you manage the factors that lead to hypertension. The following are a handful of the most often observed.

  • A heart-healthy diet is crucial for preventing and treating hypertension. Maintaining healthy blood pressure and minimising the risk of complications are critical aims in diabetes care. Cardiovascular disease, stroke, and heart attack are just a few possible complications.
  • Along with supporting you in reducing weight (if authorised by your physician), exercise may naturally lower your blood pressure and enhance your cardiovascular system, among other advantages. If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure as a smoker, your doctor will probably advise you to quit.